Discussion 10։ Selecting ideas
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Part 1 - Continuing homework
At home, you drew a mind map on which you wrote many ideas for solving your problem.

Let's start with those ideas today and choose one.

There is a good method for sorting through the ideas and choosing the one with the most impact, and that is the most realistic.

THINK school in the Netherlands also uses it.
What are we doing?
how realistic it is
1) Draw 2 coordinate axes

2) One is the probability of success. That is, the more you move to the right on the axis, the greater the probability that you can do it and the project will take place and be successful.
The other is the magnitude of the positive impact.
In other words, the higher it is, the greater the project's impact on the community.

3) After drawing, we begin to arrange all our ideas on this matrix according to feasibility and impact size.

First, we ask ourselves, can I do it?
And then how big will its impact/success be?

And we will see that they are arranged in different quarters.

We need the top right, the one with the biggest impact and the most feasibility.
The trainer completes the task together with the students and tries to choose one project for each student. And he/she explains that this is the solution that they will work on during the next weeks.
The star at the top and right is your project to work on.

Let us now understand what will be the criteria for its success.
Discussion- Exercise
Targeted skills
Start thinking about what is considered a success for them.
  • Exercise
    Let's discuss what your personal criteria would be for this project to be successful.
  • Guidance
    Students will probably answer money, fame, etc.

    They should offer many options and find out what is important to them and write it down.
  • Examples
    For example, if they were able to learn something, is that enough?

    Or if they were able to impact the lives of one family or 10 families. If Serge Tankyan shared it on social networks. Or their parents, who have never said anything nice to them, actually told them to live.
Okay, now that you understand how you're going to measure your success, you really need to do two things.

1) believe you can do it
2) be persistent
And from the experience of Climate Uturn students, believing in yourself is important but not enough. You really need to work on the project.

Please don't expect us to motivate you and remind you to do the work. We expect you to come to us, remind us, and ask for help with your project. Even when the program ends, we are here for you, but you have to come and tell us to help and show that it is important to you.

Now we will focus on these two things: believing in yourself and persistence. I will tell you a few stories.
Part 2 - History| Belief and persistence
Do you know Michael Phelps?

How does famous Olympic swimmer Michael Phelps train?

His trainer Bob Bowman says that Phelps "watches a movie every night before bed."

He imagines his every move during the competition, how he will enter the building, every micro-movement, and even the drops of water on his face.
The "film" of swimmer Michael Phelps
He imagined his victories.
Every night before bed for many years.

And when something went wrong during training, Bob would just tell him to turn on the movie!!
So when the championship starts, Phelps has already done half the work. The stretching went as he imagined, the training too, and the music in the headphones is what he expected, so the swimming itself is a small part of the routine that is already going well.
Believe, imagine and train.
The trainer emphasizes the idea that it is very important to believe in yourself, but at the same time, you also have to work hard to achieve success.
The diligence of Asians

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Translation results

Translation result

The diligence of Asians
And it's not just Michael who does that.

Have you heard that Asians are good at math? That's right. In international comparative tests, students from Asian countries receive 98 percent of the maximum score.

Why is that?
When it comes to math, the best students are those who are willing to spend a lot of time figuring out how to solve a problem. If Asians are more willing to work hard, this may explain part of why Asians are good at math.

When children take TIMSS, the International Math and Science Test, they also have to complete a 120-question questionnaire on topics such as their parents' level of education and their views on math.

Completing the 120-question questionnaire requires diligence. It is tedious and many children leave the questions blank. If we average the number of questions answered by children in each country, countries such as South Korea, China and Hong Kong are in first place. Asian children show maximum diligence.

Interestingly, you can predict which countries will get the highest scores on the math part of the test by looking at how well the questionnaire is completed. The kids who work the hardest on the quiz are the same kids who do best in math.
Is this mere correlation or causation?

Asian children seem to be good at math because of their diligence. They don't believe that they have or don't have mathematical abilities; they just know that if they sit down and do it, they will do it. This is something you can learn from them.

Believe that you can do it and work hard for it.
*From Malcolm Gladwell's lecture
The coach again emphasizes the idea that it is very important to believe in ourselves, but at the same time, we also have to work hard to achieve success.
I'd like to wrap up today's meeting with another great story on the same topic.
Story | Who will reach the South Pole first?
In October 1911, two teams competed to be the first people to reach the South Pole, the last major undiscovered place on Earth.

Britain's Robert Falcon Scott led the first team
(Figures 1 and 2).

The second team leader was the Norwegian Roald Amundsen (pictures 3 and 4).
Scott and his team at the South Pole, near the Norwegian tent, January 18, 1912.
Amundsen and his team at the South Pole on Friday, December 14, 1911, around 3:00 p.m.
Scott and Amundsen knew about each other's presence but not their location during the journey.

The race began. Amundsen took the lead as the two teams began their 400-mile journey across the ice barrier.

Amundsen and his team, climbing the mountain, went deep into it with difficulty. They survived the snowstorm. They slaughtered dogs for food. After 52 days, they were already 55 miles from the pole.

Seeing no sign of Scott, Amundsen and his fellow explorers became the first in history to set foot on the South Pole two days later. They planted the Norwegian flag there and then returned 1,600 miles to their base after running.

Scott and his men, exhausted, limped to the pole thirty-four days later and discovered the Norwegian flag there. The team set off for home, hungry, cold, and exhausted. There was no hope.

The storm kept them in their tents.
There they died, only eleven miles from food and shelter.
One of the leaders succeeded with his team while the other team perished.

Why? What accounted for the difference? Over the years, different authors have offered different explanations.

In his book, Jim Collins attributed Amundsen's success to better pace and self-control.

Others attributed Amundsen's success and Scott's failure to good planning or luck.
However, many stories ignore an important part of this South Pole race.

One team came to the field with high-quality resources.
- larger ship, 187 feet vs. 128 feet
- bigger budget: £40,000 vs £20,000
- larger staff: 65 vs. 19 men.

How can one defeat such a powerful opponent? It was an unfair race.

Can you guess that the team had so many more resources?

You won't believe it, but the losing team had more resources.


Captain Scott
used 5 types of transportation: dogs, motor sleds, Siberian ponies, skis, and people carriers. If one failed, he had another recourse.

Amundsen relied on only one means of transportation: dogs.
If they failed, his journey would be over.
But Amundsen's dogs did not fail in their task.

Amundsen succeeded in large part because

    • He focused only on dogs and avoided backup options
    • He had done extensive research and found that Greenland dogs were better at polar journeys
    • and had studied everything about working with them.
    • Even more. Amundsen convinced the best sled driver to join his team.
    What did you take away from this story?
    • he had sent the wrong specialist to pick up the horses, thus, bad horses slowed the team.
    • As they moved on the ice, Scott found it difficult to coordinate his column.
    • Many problems arose due to incomplete preliminary research.
    • The column eventually moved as fast as the slowest method would provide.
    Students discuss briefly.
    The story of the race to the South Pole challenges common beliefs.

    First, we need to increase the scope of our activities by advancing several responsibilities and options, such as taking five vehicles to the South Pole. We believe that by doing more tasks, we achieve more and improve our performance—"doing more," as we'll see, is usually a flawed strategy.
    Many people emphasize several things in their work, but they don't work enough to improve, they just work less. This is wrong.

    Amundsen's only prerequisite for victory was not in choosing dogs as a means of transportation.
    He won because, after making that choice, he concentrated all his energies on mastering that one method of travel.

    If he had not put a lot of effort into choosing the right dogs and trainers, he would have lost.
    Choosing a few important tasks is half the battle.
    The other half is to focus hard on your choice and excel.

    The phrase "focus" involves two steps:
    Pick a few priorities and then focus your efforts on them
    on becoming very good at those.
    So you believe in your project and put a lot of effort into it.
    The trainer emphasizes this point again.
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