Daria Blagova
Author
Flora Harutyunyan
Translation

The climate is changing, and that's bad. Why?

When we talk about climate change, we mean an increase in the average temperature of the air and the emergence of various natural disasters — such as hurricanes, droughts, and floods. All these processes are long-term and predictable: that said, the climate is changing right now and the consequences are already noticeable, and besides, scientists know what will happen next (spoiler: nothing good if you do not intervene).
The climate is changing largely because of human's fault and as a result of our activities. In particular, the use of oil, coal, and gas, as well as deforestation, have led to an extreme increase in greenhouse gases (including carbon dioxide CO2). These gases retain heat and do not allow it to go into the atmosphere.

You can blame everything on industry and corporations, but let's be honest, part of the blame for climate change lies with each of us: uncontrolled and unconscious energy consumption, impulsive purchases, even the use of disposable packaging - we are doing all of this.

For example, take a plastic bottle: it is made from oil, so the atmosphere is polluted at the production stage, but then, getting to the landfill, it continues to emit harmful greenhouse gases for another 500-700 years. Add a paper label to the bottle — and in addition, get deforestation for its production.

Many developed countries are now concerned about how to stop climate change. To do this, they come up with ways to dispose of waste, promote the mode of savings on production, conduct advertising campaigns on the topic of ecology. But then it all depends on each person because it is people who decide what products they will use and what they can refuse.
It is necessary to fight the climate change, otherwise, in the coming decades we will get the following consequences:

The temperature is rising. Already this year, the air in Kuwait has warmed up to 53 degrees Celsius. This killed melted cars and killed many people and it is going to get worse.

Floods. We may lose Venice, new York, St. Petersburg and many other beautiful cities. Some Islands may simply disappear and millions of people may lose their homes.

Fires. As a result, forests, people and millions of animals will die.

Hurricanes and heavy rains. Across the planet — the relationship of cyclones with rising temperatures has long been proven by scientists.

Extreme desert growth. Some countries in the coming decades will simply become uninhabitable — at 74-77 degrees Celsius, to which the temperature in the Persian Gulf will rise, no one will survive.
Death of animals and plants. We will lose 30-40% of biodiversity already in the near future because the habitat of many species is changing faster than they can adapt.

Hunger and lack of water. Climate change will have a bad impact on yields, this would lead to food shortages for hundreds of millions of people (scientists' forecasts tend to a billion). There would also be catastrophic droughts and water shortages in arid regions, the number of which is growing exponentially.

Epidemics. Hunger, water scarcity and insect migration will lead to the spread of tropical diseases such as malaria and fever in the north. By the way, Armenia is not the northernmost region.

You are probably thinking about where you are going to be when all these terrible cataclysms start to happen in the world. But you are already here - as well as climate change, which is observed by the whole planet. And it is up to you and me what happens next.